Expressing Speculation – Basic Competence: Responding to the meaning in conversation transactional (to get things done) and interpersonal (social) and continued official (sustained) accurately, fluently, and acceptable by using a variety of languages spoken in daily life context involves speech acts: speculation.
Learn about it!
In this lesson you will learn about how to express speculation in daily life context.
Look at the photo below. What do you think about the photo?
You may often see screening boards in the Cinema. Before watching the movie, some of you probably will find out about the movie or even have some predictions about it. Most of you do not want to be disappointed because of bad movie, don’t you? When you don’t have any information about it, you may ask people who have already watched it. But, sometimes they may not give you a factual answer about the movie. When they do not have any idea about it, they must answer it spontaneously. Some people may think it is called as prediction. However, prediction and speculation are different. Prediction is always supported by knowledge, facts, or experiments while speculation is only opinion without giving evidence.
A. Definition of Speculation
According to Cambridge Dictionary,
Speculation is a guess with possible answers to a question without having enough information to be certain.
Speculation is something that is expressed based on someone’s belief. Thus, it is like an assumption that is believed to be possible to happen. When you are in this situation, you answer it with speculation not a prediction.
B. Purpose of Expressing Speculation
Speculation is commonly expressed to persuade or convince someone about what someone believes although there is no evidence.
- The sky looks so dark. The weather is cold too. It may rain this afternoon.
(It is a prediction. There is some evidence to show that the rain may fall such as the sky looks so dark and the weather is so cold)
- What a clear day! The sky looks so bright, but I foresee the rain will fall this afternoon.
(It is a speculation. The situation is on the contrary with its possibility. When there is no evidence, people may not believe it)
C. Use of Expressions of Speculation
There are various ways to express speculation. But, you should pay attention to its context as follows:
When you talk about what you think may happen confidently, you can say:
- I bet ….
- No doubt ….
- I’m sure that ….
- It’s worth speculation that ….
When you talk about something seems unlikely, but you believe it is possible you can say:
- I guess ….
- I foresee that ….
- I speculate that ….
- It’s my speculation that ….
But, when you think that something is not going to happen, you can say:
- I wouldn’t be surprised ….
Do you understand?
To understand how to apply the phrases above, you can read the conversations below.